The NPO L’Abbraccio and IRR decided to “bet” and “invest” on a “team” that was considered a loser and … THEY WON!
This adventure began with the idea of applying a technique, called tDCS, which was born in Italy and is used today for various purposes worldwide. Although it is a “young” technique, many studies seem to indicate it as a potentially precious instrument because of the results obtained in various motor and cognitive tasks performed by patients with cerebral lesions or neurodegenerative diseases. These studies are encouraging and allow this method to be considered promising in neurorehabilitation, especially if used in combination with a targeted rehabilitative treatment.
We have always known that patients diagnosed with PP (Primary Progressive) and SP (Secondary Progressive) Multiple Sclerosis are considered “losers”, as they slowly slip to their destiny …
We purposely applied this technique on them and the results were sensational!
After only five “enhanced” rehabilitation sessions, Marcella, who was not self-sufficient and could not go to the bathroom alone, managed to achieve self-sufficiency for her most basic needs.
Carmela, with cognitive deficits that barred her from being included in any cognitive rehabilitation program, was reinstated into these programs after five sessions because of a completely unexpected recovery.
Marina, a teacher with great professional difficulties for mnemonic and thought coordination reasons, after 10 sessions, reached a standard that is absolutely adequate to continue teaching.
These are only three cases and three examples of patients affected by a progressive (primary or secondary progressive) SM that have not been miraculously cured, but have simply undergone a brief but intense “enhanced” rehabilitation.
What does enhanced mean?
It means that during both the cognitive and motor exercises, aimed at an at least partial recovery of lost functions, these patients were stimulated with tDCS, i.e. they underwent transcranial Direct Current Stimulation. This is a non-invasive cortical stimulation procedure in which weak electrical currents (from 0.5 to 2 mA) are used to depolarize specific cortical areas.
This technique, through a flow of current from one electrode to the other, modifies the membrane potential of neurons, allowing to modulate the excitability of the cerebral cortex and hence the neuronal activity of the brain, by increasing or decreasing the functionality of the stimulated area. If the stimulation is repeated several times, these changes can be made more stable and longer lasting.
This rehabilitation method is now also used outside neurophysiology labs and is routinely applied on patients who require it by the Riba Rehabilitation Institute (IRR, Istituto delle Riabilitazioni Riba Spa), based in Turin, corso Francia 104.
The brain manages all body functions, from the cognitive to the motor, from motion to balance, up to language. It is therefore quite intuitive that by stimulating the specific brain areas that manage the function that needs rehabilitating, one will obtain a more or less effective “enhancement” rather than with the rehabilitation performed on its own.
The technique is absolutely innovative and has no side effects.
For information and bookings call +39 011.39.99.222
Istituto delle Riabilitazioni IRR – RIBA S.p.A.